Subaru Glossary

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A

• AUSubaru.com - http://www.ausubaru.com website for Subaru enthusiasts in Australia.
• Axle - Driveshaft going between differential and wheel hub. Also known as half-shaft, usually known as CV shaft.
• AWD - All Wheel Drive

B

• Backyard Boys - A group of Subaru enthusiasts living in the north-side of Brisbane, Australia. (and some over on the west coast too :P)
• BYB - See Backyard Boys
• Ball Joint - at the front outer end of the lower control arm is a joint that allows the steering to move through its range of movement. It is a ball shaped piece of steel in a socket and lubricated with grease. This is a wear item and needs to be replaced when worn.
• Bell Joint - the front outer CV joint is a Bell Joint.

C

• CV Joint - Constant Velocity Joint, this enables a shaft to operate through an angle whilst being driven.

D

• DOJ - Double Offset Joint: up to 87, the rear axle has a DOJ at each end, after 88, only on the inner; the front has a DOJ on the inner (gearbox) end.
• DOHC - Double OverHead Cam: found on Liberty/Legacy and later models

E

• EA63 - 1.4 Litre 4 cylinder engine with overhead valves driven by pushrods.
• EA71 - 1.6 Litre 4 cylinder engine with overhead valves driven by pushrods.
• EA81 - 1.8 Litre 4 cylinder engine with overhead valves driven by pushrods.
• EA81T - 1.8 Litre 4 cylinder turbocharged engine with overhead valves driven by pushrods.
• EA82 - 1.8 Litre 4 cylinder engine with 2 overhead cams driven by 2 timing belts.
• EA82T - 1.8 Litre 4 cylinder turbocharged engine with 2 overhead cams driven by 2 timing belts.
• EG33 - 3.3 Litre 6 cylinder engine with 4 overhead cams driven by 1 timing belt.
• EJ16 - 1.6 Litre 4 cylinder engine with 2 overhead cams driven by 1 timing belt.
• EJ18 - 1.8 Litre 4 cylinder engine with 2 overhead cams driven by 1 timing belt.
• EJ20 - 2.0 Litre 4 cylinder engine with 2 or 4 overhead cams driven by 1 timing belt.
• EJ20T - 2.0 Litre 4 cylinder turbocharged intercooled engine with 4 overhead cams driven by 1 timing belt.
• EJ20TT - 2.0 Litre 4 cylinder twin sequential intercooled turbocharged engine with 4 overhead cams driven by 1 timing belt.
• EJ22 - 2.2 Litre 4 cylinder engine with 2 overhead cams driven by 1 timing belt.
• EJ22T - 2.2 Litre 4 cylinder turbocharged engine with 2 overhead cams driven by 1 timing belt.
• EJ25 - 2.5 Litre 4 cylinder engine with 2 or 4 overhead cams driven by 1 timing belt.
• ER27 - 2.7 Litre 6 cylinder engine with 2 overhead cams driven by 2 timing belts.
• EZ30 - 3.0 Litre 6 cylinder engine with 4 overheads cams driven by 1 timing chain

F

• Fercificate - like a certificate, but more intoxicated ;)
• Forrester: 96 - current EJ engines. Small "SUV" type vehicle
• FWD : Front Wheel Drive, when only the front wheels are driven, or the car has no four wheel drive option.
• 4WD : Four Wheel Drive. Generally describes vehicles with constant drive to front wheels & selective drive to rear wheels
• Full-Time 4wd : Drive to all wheels at all times

G

H

• H2O - See water

I

• Impreza : 93 - current EJ engines. The car that ultimately replaced the L series.

J

K

L

• Liberty/Legacy : 1989 - current EJ, EZ engines
• Liftkit : A kit consisiting of blocks that when installed lifts a subaru further off the ground by spacing the body from the suspension
• L Series - 1972 - 1980 EA63/EA71 engine, not typically used as these cars are quite rare.
• L Series - 1984 - 1994, EA82 engine.

M

• MY - Early Subaru models, EA81 engine.
• Mud - Thing that dirties err pretties up your car and gets into places you don't want it to

N

O

• OHV : Overhead Valve. As in EA81, uses pushrods and one cam
• OHC : Overhead Cam. As in EA82/EJ, uses one or two cams for each bank of cylinders.
• Outback: a Liberty with different suspension & other mods to increase the ground clearance

P

Q

• Quadrozontal - Some goon at FHI described the Subie engine as Quadrozontal, I think he had watched too much Astroboy.
• Quad Cam - 2 cams per bank for a total of four cams. Turbo EJ's have four cams, as do EG33, EZ30 and some naturally aspirated EJ's

R

• Rust: A thing that puts holes in your car's bodywork

S

• SOHC - Single Overhead Cam: same as OHC but used when refering to EJ motors to distinguish from the Quad Cam motor
• Strut - the front shock type thing
• Swamped: having your car end up in water up to the door handles (see tides)

T

• Trigged : A backyard boys term used to decribe something that no longer works. Example: "The grinder is trigged", or " I trigged the grinder". (possibly also "fooked")

• Tides: An important thing to check before a drive on the beach (see swamped)

U

• U-turn - What to do when your spouse / GPS / navigator / map gives you the wrong directions

V

W

• Water - Goes in radiators. See H2O

X

Y

Z

Edits :

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